Marine pollution is one of the major problems in the world and in particular around the coasts of oil producing countries. The Arabian Gulf and the Straits of Hormuz are of particular concern to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) as they play host to a number of endangered marine species. As a Muslim state, the UAE has historically been protective of the marine environment through the teachings of the prophet Mohammed (PBUH) and the Holy Quran. As a modern state with international trade connections, the UAE has signed up to a number of international conventions designed to protect the marine environment. This thesis considers international law and its transposition into state law in the UAE. The influence of religion on the formulation of legislation to protect the marine environment is considered in this comparative study between the UAE and the UK. The main part of the thesis is an analysis of the influence of Shari?ah on legislation in the UAE to protect the marine environment. This is informed by a number of interviews with key figures in Dubai In order to produce detailed and accurate results in the research, analytical and comparative examination is made to the actual scope of protect the marine environment in the UAE. This is achieved through studying the relevant literature as well as studying legislation and case law. The methodology used is a comparative secondary research study supplemented by face- to face interviews. The legislation in the UAE has proved more difficult to research than the UK legislation. Moreover, a number of listings and web-sites contain partial and fragmented information. The final conclusions include recommendations for the UAE on how to develop their protection of the marine environment. From this conclusion the most recommended concern is to develop the legislations of the UAE and develop citizen?s awareness. Training is the most important point which was taken into the consideration of all people that have been interviewed.
|Date of Award||2013|
- Nottingham Trent University