The application of high quality maritime simulator training to improve safety and economy in shipping operations

  • Stephen J. Cross

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis


Statistics of maritime casualties continue to be the driver of improvement of human performance or rather reduction of human error. Still, too many accidents occur and some can be traced back to the lack of proper training and the lack of certain required skills and competences of the seafarer. One possible means of performance improvement is envisaged to come from (additional) high quality training, using maritime simulator systems. If so, (additional) costs will occur. But if the amount of the increased costs of training is less than the funds to be saved by avoiding accidents, it will justify that such training efforts should take place. The overall objective of this thesis is thus to demonstrate how and by how much, well structured, high quality, maritime simulator training can positively influence the safety and economic efficiency of shipping operations. This requires a description of the education and training efforts, simulator applications, human error categories, performance improvement and the costing and comparison of these various items. The main and novel research efforts will be to determine what percentage performance improvement can be achieved with high quality simulator training. This is done by observations of groups of simulator trainees during various and multiple types of exercises. When the simulator training is performed in the structured manner as described, it should lead to an improved performance and thus a reduction of the number of maritime accidents by an appreciable percentage. The overall result when implemented, could then be that shipping operations become both safer and economically more efficient. As this is usually seen as a contradiction, in which safety is regarded to cost money and economy to generate money this initiative would indeed be worthwhile.
Date of AwardJul 2009
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Nottingham Trent University

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