The influence of a short-term slow paced breathing intervention on HRV and cognitive performance: Preliminary results

Research output: Published contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Slow paced breathing (SPB) interventions require participants to breathe at a particular rate (6 cycles per minute) which stimulates the resonant frequency, a phenomena which couples respiratory and cardiovascular systems (Lehrer 2013). This increases cardiac vagal activity, the activity within the vagus nerve indexed through heart rate variability, which has been shown to be beneficial for cognitive performance (Thayer, Hansen, Saus-Rose, & Johnsen, 2009). However, there have been limited endeavours to explore the direct effects of a short-term SPB intervention on levels of cardiac vagal activity and subsequent cognitive performance, which forms the aim of the current study. First, participants attended a familiarization session, in which they were introduced to diaphragmatic breathing technique, the breathing rate app and modified flanker task. Participants attended two counterbalanced sessions: a control (audiobook) and intervention (SPB). Upon arrival to the laboratory participants completed a 5 minute seated baseline, in which heart rate variability was collected. Participants then completed the SPB intervention which was administered at a rate of 6 cycles per minute (4.5 second inhale and 5.5 second exhale), and performed for 3 x 5 minutes with a 1 minute break in between. In the control condition participants listened to an audiobook for the same time period of the SPB intervention (17 minutes). After this participants completed the modified flanker task which lasted for 12 minutes, followed by a 5 minute recovery period. Data collection is ongoing and the presentation will discuss preliminary results.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event15th European Congress for Sport Psychology (FEPSAC) - Munster, Germany
Duration: 15 Jul 201920 Sep 2019

Conference

Conference15th European Congress for Sport Psychology (FEPSAC)
CountryGermany
Period15/07/1920/09/19

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Respiration
Heart Rate
Vagus Nerve
Cardiovascular System
Respiratory System

Cite this

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title = "The influence of a short-term slow paced breathing intervention on HRV and cognitive performance: Preliminary results",
abstract = "Slow paced breathing (SPB) interventions require participants to breathe at a particular rate (6 cycles per minute) which stimulates the resonant frequency, a phenomena which couples respiratory and cardiovascular systems (Lehrer 2013). This increases cardiac vagal activity, the activity within the vagus nerve indexed through heart rate variability, which has been shown to be beneficial for cognitive performance (Thayer, Hansen, Saus-Rose, & Johnsen, 2009). However, there have been limited endeavours to explore the direct effects of a short-term SPB intervention on levels of cardiac vagal activity and subsequent cognitive performance, which forms the aim of the current study. First, participants attended a familiarization session, in which they were introduced to diaphragmatic breathing technique, the breathing rate app and modified flanker task. Participants attended two counterbalanced sessions: a control (audiobook) and intervention (SPB). Upon arrival to the laboratory participants completed a 5 minute seated baseline, in which heart rate variability was collected. Participants then completed the SPB intervention which was administered at a rate of 6 cycles per minute (4.5 second inhale and 5.5 second exhale), and performed for 3 x 5 minutes with a 1 minute break in between. In the control condition participants listened to an audiobook for the same time period of the SPB intervention (17 minutes). After this participants completed the modified flanker task which lasted for 12 minutes, followed by a 5 minute recovery period. Data collection is ongoing and the presentation will discuss preliminary results.",
author = "Emma Mosley and Shelley Duncan",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
note = "15th European Congress for Sport Psychology (FEPSAC) ; Conference date: 15-07-2019 Through 20-09-2019",

}

Mosley, E & Duncan, S 2019, 'The influence of a short-term slow paced breathing intervention on HRV and cognitive performance: Preliminary results' Paper presented at 15th European Congress for Sport Psychology (FEPSAC), Germany, 15/07/19 - 20/09/19, .

The influence of a short-term slow paced breathing intervention on HRV and cognitive performance: Preliminary results. / Mosley, Emma; Duncan, Shelley.

2019. Paper presented at 15th European Congress for Sport Psychology (FEPSAC), Germany.

Research output: Published contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - The influence of a short-term slow paced breathing intervention on HRV and cognitive performance: Preliminary results

AU - Mosley, Emma

AU - Duncan, Shelley

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AB - Slow paced breathing (SPB) interventions require participants to breathe at a particular rate (6 cycles per minute) which stimulates the resonant frequency, a phenomena which couples respiratory and cardiovascular systems (Lehrer 2013). This increases cardiac vagal activity, the activity within the vagus nerve indexed through heart rate variability, which has been shown to be beneficial for cognitive performance (Thayer, Hansen, Saus-Rose, & Johnsen, 2009). However, there have been limited endeavours to explore the direct effects of a short-term SPB intervention on levels of cardiac vagal activity and subsequent cognitive performance, which forms the aim of the current study. First, participants attended a familiarization session, in which they were introduced to diaphragmatic breathing technique, the breathing rate app and modified flanker task. Participants attended two counterbalanced sessions: a control (audiobook) and intervention (SPB). Upon arrival to the laboratory participants completed a 5 minute seated baseline, in which heart rate variability was collected. Participants then completed the SPB intervention which was administered at a rate of 6 cycles per minute (4.5 second inhale and 5.5 second exhale), and performed for 3 x 5 minutes with a 1 minute break in between. In the control condition participants listened to an audiobook for the same time period of the SPB intervention (17 minutes). After this participants completed the modified flanker task which lasted for 12 minutes, followed by a 5 minute recovery period. Data collection is ongoing and the presentation will discuss preliminary results.

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Mosley E, Duncan S. The influence of a short-term slow paced breathing intervention on HRV and cognitive performance: Preliminary results. 2019. Paper presented at 15th European Congress for Sport Psychology (FEPSAC), Germany.