The ankle and foot play a major role in stable bipedal posture, locomotion and balance of the human body. These structures have a direct functional relationship with the hip and knee (Ferber et al., 2009). While the supporting structures within the ankle and foot display some similarity to those of the wrist and hand, the diff erences between these two anatomical units refl ects the diff erences in their functional demands (Oatis, 2009). The anatomy of the ankle and foot is largely dictated by the need to bear the total body mass during activities such as standing, walking, stair-climbing and running. The ankle and foot are composed (in average populations) of a complex structure of 28 bones, 55 articulations (including 30 synovial joints), more than 100 ligaments, and over 30 muscles (Dutton, 2008). All of these structures ideally interact harmoniously, with the overriding aim being the achievement of smooth and stable motion of the lower limb.
|Title of host publication||Routledge Handbook of Sports Therapy, Injury Assessment and Rehabilitation|
|Place of Publication||Oxon|
|Number of pages||56|
|ISBN (Print)||978-0-415-59326-7, 978-1-138-55906-6|
|Publication status||Published - 18 Sep 2015|
|Name||Routledge International Handbooks|
Ward, K., Douglin, T., Boardman, H., & Hawkey, A. (2015). The ankle and foot region: anatomy, assessment and injuries. In K. Ward (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Sports Therapy, Injury Assessment and Rehabilitation (pp. 650-705). (Routledge International Handbooks). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203807194-19