Similar acute responses from effort and duration matched leg press and recumbent cycling tasks

James Steele, Andrew Butler, Zoe Comerford, Jason Dyer, Nathan Lloyd, Joshua Ward, James Fisher, Paulo Gentil, Christopher Scott, Hayao Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The present study examined the effects of exercise utilising traditional resistance training (leg press) or ‘cardio’ exercise (recumbent cycle ergometry) modalities upon acute physiological responses. Nine healthy males underwent a within session randomised crossover design where they completed both the leg press and recumbent cycle ergometer conditions. Conditions were approximately matched for effort and duration (leg press: 4 × 12RM using a 2 s concentric and 3 s eccentric repetition duration controlled with a metronome, thus each set lasted 60 s; recumbent cycle ergometer: 4 × 60 s bouts using a resistance level permitting 80–100 rpm but culminating with being unable to sustain the minimum cadence for the final 5–10 s). Measurements included VO2, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), blood lactate, energy expenditure, muscle swelling, and electromyography. Perceived effort was similar between conditions and thus both were well matched with respect to effort. There were no significant effects by ‘condition’ in any of the physiological responses examined (all p > 0.05). The present study shows that, when both effort and duration are matched, resistance training (leg press) and ‘cardio’ exercise (recumbent cycle ergometry) may produce largely similar responses in VO2, RER, blood lactate, energy expenditure, muscle swelling, and electromyography. It therefore seems reasonable to suggest that both may offer a similar stimulus to produce chronic physiological adaptations in outcomes such as cardiorespiratory fitness, strength, and hypertrophy. Future work should look to both replicate the study conducted here with respect to the same, and additional physiological measures, and rigorously test the comparative efficacy of effort and duration matched exercise of differing modalities with respect to chronic improvements in physiological fitness.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere4403
JournalPeerJ
Volume6
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2018

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Electromyography
Exercise equipment
Swelling
Muscle
Lactic Acid
Leg
legs
exercise
Blood
Ergometry
strength training
electromyography
duration
Resistance Training
physiological response
energy expenditure
Energy Metabolism
lactates
Physiological Adaptation
Muscles

Cite this

Steele, J., Butler, A., Comerford, Z., Dyer, J., Lloyd, N., Ward, J., ... Ozaki, H. (2018). Similar acute responses from effort and duration matched leg press and recumbent cycling tasks. PeerJ, 6, [e4403].
Steele, James ; Butler, Andrew ; Comerford, Zoe ; Dyer, Jason ; Lloyd, Nathan ; Ward, Joshua ; Fisher, James ; Gentil, Paulo ; Scott, Christopher ; Ozaki, Hayao. / Similar acute responses from effort and duration matched leg press and recumbent cycling tasks. In: PeerJ. 2018 ; Vol. 6.
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abstract = "The present study examined the effects of exercise utilising traditional resistance training (leg press) or ‘cardio’ exercise (recumbent cycle ergometry) modalities upon acute physiological responses. Nine healthy males underwent a within session randomised crossover design where they completed both the leg press and recumbent cycle ergometer conditions. Conditions were approximately matched for effort and duration (leg press: 4 × 12RM using a 2 s concentric and 3 s eccentric repetition duration controlled with a metronome, thus each set lasted 60 s; recumbent cycle ergometer: 4 × 60 s bouts using a resistance level permitting 80–100 rpm but culminating with being unable to sustain the minimum cadence for the final 5–10 s). Measurements included VO2, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), blood lactate, energy expenditure, muscle swelling, and electromyography. Perceived effort was similar between conditions and thus both were well matched with respect to effort. There were no significant effects by ‘condition’ in any of the physiological responses examined (all p > 0.05). The present study shows that, when both effort and duration are matched, resistance training (leg press) and ‘cardio’ exercise (recumbent cycle ergometry) may produce largely similar responses in VO2, RER, blood lactate, energy expenditure, muscle swelling, and electromyography. It therefore seems reasonable to suggest that both may offer a similar stimulus to produce chronic physiological adaptations in outcomes such as cardiorespiratory fitness, strength, and hypertrophy. Future work should look to both replicate the study conducted here with respect to the same, and additional physiological measures, and rigorously test the comparative efficacy of effort and duration matched exercise of differing modalities with respect to chronic improvements in physiological fitness.",
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Steele, J, Butler, A, Comerford, Z, Dyer, J, Lloyd, N, Ward, J, Fisher, J, Gentil, P, Scott, C & Ozaki, H 2018, 'Similar acute responses from effort and duration matched leg press and recumbent cycling tasks' PeerJ, vol. 6, e4403.

Similar acute responses from effort and duration matched leg press and recumbent cycling tasks. / Steele, James; Butler, Andrew; Comerford, Zoe; Dyer, Jason; Lloyd, Nathan; Ward, Joshua; Fisher, James; Gentil, Paulo; Scott, Christopher; Ozaki, Hayao.

In: PeerJ, Vol. 6, e4403, 28.02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Similar acute responses from effort and duration matched leg press and recumbent cycling tasks

AU - Steele, James

AU - Butler, Andrew

AU - Comerford, Zoe

AU - Dyer, Jason

AU - Lloyd, Nathan

AU - Ward, Joshua

AU - Fisher, James

AU - Gentil, Paulo

AU - Scott, Christopher

AU - Ozaki, Hayao

PY - 2018/2/28

Y1 - 2018/2/28

N2 - The present study examined the effects of exercise utilising traditional resistance training (leg press) or ‘cardio’ exercise (recumbent cycle ergometry) modalities upon acute physiological responses. Nine healthy males underwent a within session randomised crossover design where they completed both the leg press and recumbent cycle ergometer conditions. Conditions were approximately matched for effort and duration (leg press: 4 × 12RM using a 2 s concentric and 3 s eccentric repetition duration controlled with a metronome, thus each set lasted 60 s; recumbent cycle ergometer: 4 × 60 s bouts using a resistance level permitting 80–100 rpm but culminating with being unable to sustain the minimum cadence for the final 5–10 s). Measurements included VO2, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), blood lactate, energy expenditure, muscle swelling, and electromyography. Perceived effort was similar between conditions and thus both were well matched with respect to effort. There were no significant effects by ‘condition’ in any of the physiological responses examined (all p > 0.05). The present study shows that, when both effort and duration are matched, resistance training (leg press) and ‘cardio’ exercise (recumbent cycle ergometry) may produce largely similar responses in VO2, RER, blood lactate, energy expenditure, muscle swelling, and electromyography. It therefore seems reasonable to suggest that both may offer a similar stimulus to produce chronic physiological adaptations in outcomes such as cardiorespiratory fitness, strength, and hypertrophy. Future work should look to both replicate the study conducted here with respect to the same, and additional physiological measures, and rigorously test the comparative efficacy of effort and duration matched exercise of differing modalities with respect to chronic improvements in physiological fitness.

AB - The present study examined the effects of exercise utilising traditional resistance training (leg press) or ‘cardio’ exercise (recumbent cycle ergometry) modalities upon acute physiological responses. Nine healthy males underwent a within session randomised crossover design where they completed both the leg press and recumbent cycle ergometer conditions. Conditions were approximately matched for effort and duration (leg press: 4 × 12RM using a 2 s concentric and 3 s eccentric repetition duration controlled with a metronome, thus each set lasted 60 s; recumbent cycle ergometer: 4 × 60 s bouts using a resistance level permitting 80–100 rpm but culminating with being unable to sustain the minimum cadence for the final 5–10 s). Measurements included VO2, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), blood lactate, energy expenditure, muscle swelling, and electromyography. Perceived effort was similar between conditions and thus both were well matched with respect to effort. There were no significant effects by ‘condition’ in any of the physiological responses examined (all p > 0.05). The present study shows that, when both effort and duration are matched, resistance training (leg press) and ‘cardio’ exercise (recumbent cycle ergometry) may produce largely similar responses in VO2, RER, blood lactate, energy expenditure, muscle swelling, and electromyography. It therefore seems reasonable to suggest that both may offer a similar stimulus to produce chronic physiological adaptations in outcomes such as cardiorespiratory fitness, strength, and hypertrophy. Future work should look to both replicate the study conducted here with respect to the same, and additional physiological measures, and rigorously test the comparative efficacy of effort and duration matched exercise of differing modalities with respect to chronic improvements in physiological fitness.

M3 - Article

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JO - PeerJ

JF - PeerJ

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M1 - e4403

ER -

Steele J, Butler A, Comerford Z, Dyer J, Lloyd N, Ward J et al. Similar acute responses from effort and duration matched leg press and recumbent cycling tasks. PeerJ. 2018 Feb 28;6. e4403.