Removal of 2,4-Dichlorophenol by Fluidized-bed Fenton process.

Isara Muangthai, Chavalit Ratanatamsakul, Ming Chun Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) by fluidized-bed Fenton process has been optimized by using experimental design methodology. Box-Behnken design was applied to investigate the effects of pH, the amount of carriers, initial H2O2 and initial Fe2+ concentration on the treatment performance in terms of 2,4-DCP, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total iron removal efficiencies. Results showed that H2O2 concentration had more profound effect than Fe2+ in terms of 2,4-DCP removal while, pH and the amount of carriers did not have an obvious effect on 2,4-DCP degradation. Increasing H2O2 concentrations could improve COD removal whereas increasing Fe2+concentration more than 0.55 mM would decrease COD removal. The decreased COD performance was probably due to hydroxyl radical scavenging effects. Results also revealed the optimum condition for degrade 2,4-DCP, from the Box-Behnken design prediction: pH 3, 100 g of SiO2, 0.25 mM of Fe2+ and 10 mM of H2O2. Under this conditions, 2,4-DCP, COD and total iron removal efficiencies were > 99, 55 and 14%, respectively. Additionally, the total iron removal efficiency at the optimum condition in fluidized-bed Fenton was higher than that in Fenton process. This result demonstrates the advantage of fluidized-bed Fenton process compared with the traditional Fenton technology. 
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325 to 331
Number of pages7
JournalSustainable Environment Research
Volume20
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2010

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Fluidized bed process
Chemical oxygen demand
chemical oxygen demand
Iron removal (water treatment)
iron
Degradation
Scavenging
degradation
Design of experiments
Fluidized beds
hydroxyl radical
experimental design
removal
methodology
effect
prediction

Cite this

Muangthai, Isara ; Ratanatamsakul, Chavalit ; Lu, Ming Chun. / Removal of 2,4-Dichlorophenol by Fluidized-bed Fenton process. In: Sustainable Environment Research. 2010 ; Vol. 20, No. 5. pp. 325 to 331.
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abstract = "The degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) by fluidized-bed Fenton process has been optimized by using experimental design methodology. Box-Behnken design was applied to investigate the effects of pH, the amount of carriers, initial H2O2 and initial Fe2+ concentration on the treatment performance in terms of 2,4-DCP, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total iron removal efficiencies. Results showed that H2O2 concentration had more profound effect than Fe2+ in terms of 2,4-DCP removal while, pH and the amount of carriers did not have an obvious effect on 2,4-DCP degradation. Increasing H2O2 concentrations could improve COD removal whereas increasing Fe2+concentration more than 0.55 mM would decrease COD removal. The decreased COD performance was probably due to hydroxyl radical scavenging effects. Results also revealed the optimum condition for degrade 2,4-DCP, from the Box-Behnken design prediction: pH 3, 100 g of SiO2, 0.25 mM of Fe2+ and 10 mM of H2O2. Under this conditions, 2,4-DCP, COD and total iron removal efficiencies were > 99, 55 and 14{\%}, respectively. Additionally, the total iron removal efficiency at the optimum condition in fluidized-bed Fenton was higher than that in Fenton process. This result demonstrates the advantage of fluidized-bed Fenton process compared with the traditional Fenton technology. ",
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Muangthai, I, Ratanatamsakul, C & Lu, MC 2010, 'Removal of 2,4-Dichlorophenol by Fluidized-bed Fenton process.' Sustainable Environment Research, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 325 to 331.

Removal of 2,4-Dichlorophenol by Fluidized-bed Fenton process. / Muangthai, Isara; Ratanatamsakul, Chavalit ; Lu, Ming Chun.

In: Sustainable Environment Research, Vol. 20, No. 5, 01.09.2010, p. 325 to 331.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Removal of 2,4-Dichlorophenol by Fluidized-bed Fenton process.

AU - Muangthai, Isara

AU - Ratanatamsakul, Chavalit

AU - Lu, Ming Chun

PY - 2010/9/1

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N2 - The degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) by fluidized-bed Fenton process has been optimized by using experimental design methodology. Box-Behnken design was applied to investigate the effects of pH, the amount of carriers, initial H2O2 and initial Fe2+ concentration on the treatment performance in terms of 2,4-DCP, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total iron removal efficiencies. Results showed that H2O2 concentration had more profound effect than Fe2+ in terms of 2,4-DCP removal while, pH and the amount of carriers did not have an obvious effect on 2,4-DCP degradation. Increasing H2O2 concentrations could improve COD removal whereas increasing Fe2+concentration more than 0.55 mM would decrease COD removal. The decreased COD performance was probably due to hydroxyl radical scavenging effects. Results also revealed the optimum condition for degrade 2,4-DCP, from the Box-Behnken design prediction: pH 3, 100 g of SiO2, 0.25 mM of Fe2+ and 10 mM of H2O2. Under this conditions, 2,4-DCP, COD and total iron removal efficiencies were > 99, 55 and 14%, respectively. Additionally, the total iron removal efficiency at the optimum condition in fluidized-bed Fenton was higher than that in Fenton process. This result demonstrates the advantage of fluidized-bed Fenton process compared with the traditional Fenton technology. 

AB - The degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) by fluidized-bed Fenton process has been optimized by using experimental design methodology. Box-Behnken design was applied to investigate the effects of pH, the amount of carriers, initial H2O2 and initial Fe2+ concentration on the treatment performance in terms of 2,4-DCP, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total iron removal efficiencies. Results showed that H2O2 concentration had more profound effect than Fe2+ in terms of 2,4-DCP removal while, pH and the amount of carriers did not have an obvious effect on 2,4-DCP degradation. Increasing H2O2 concentrations could improve COD removal whereas increasing Fe2+concentration more than 0.55 mM would decrease COD removal. The decreased COD performance was probably due to hydroxyl radical scavenging effects. Results also revealed the optimum condition for degrade 2,4-DCP, from the Box-Behnken design prediction: pH 3, 100 g of SiO2, 0.25 mM of Fe2+ and 10 mM of H2O2. Under this conditions, 2,4-DCP, COD and total iron removal efficiencies were > 99, 55 and 14%, respectively. Additionally, the total iron removal efficiency at the optimum condition in fluidized-bed Fenton was higher than that in Fenton process. This result demonstrates the advantage of fluidized-bed Fenton process compared with the traditional Fenton technology. 

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