Quantifying Total Environmental Impact of The Power Sector Using Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment: a case study for Thailand

Isara Muangthai, Sue Jane Lin

Research output: Published contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The electricity generation is vital to industries and economic development in Thailand. In this study, the input-output life cycle assessment (IO-LCA) is applied to estimate the direct and indirect impacts from the power generation sector for the years 2005 and 2010. Based on the input-output analysis, more than 90% of the total environmental impact of Thailand’s power sector involves ten relevant sectors. Results reveal that the most significant environmental damage was on natural resources followed by human health, climate change, and ecosystem quality. The most dominant environmental impacts were non-renewable energy, global warming and respiratory inorganic effects. Furthermore, the power sector, which accounts for 80% and 61% of total each impact in 2010 respectively, had a large direct impact on climate change and human health. On the contrary, the coal and lignite, and metal ore sectors contributed significantly to indirect impacts on ecosystem quality and resources. Regarding the results, some additional suggestions can be made to improve current policies in Thailand, including the implementation of green manufacturing in the iron and steel production, and installing control devices in all power plant units. Consequently, IO-LCA can be applied to industries for assessing their total environmental impacts, and planning CO2 mitigation strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 18 Aug 2019
Event2nd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environment Engineering - AZIMUT Hotel Munich, Munich , Germany
Duration: 19 Aug 201922 Aug 2019
http://www.reee.net/index.html

Conference

Conference2nd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environment Engineering
Abbreviated titleREEE 2019
CountryGermany
CityMunich
Period19/08/1922/08/19
Internet address

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environmental impact
life cycle
input-output analysis
climate change
environmental planning
ecosystem
industry
electricity generation
lignite
power generation
global warming
power plant
economic development
mitigation
manufacturing
natural resource
steel
coal
iron
metal

Cite this

Muangthai, I., & Lin, S. J. (Accepted/In press). Quantifying Total Environmental Impact of The Power Sector Using Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment: a case study for Thailand. Paper presented at 2nd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environment Engineering , Munich , Germany.
Muangthai, Isara ; Lin, Sue Jane. / Quantifying Total Environmental Impact of The Power Sector Using Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment: a case study for Thailand. Paper presented at 2nd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environment Engineering , Munich , Germany.
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abstract = "The electricity generation is vital to industries and economic development in Thailand. In this study, the input-output life cycle assessment (IO-LCA) is applied to estimate the direct and indirect impacts from the power generation sector for the years 2005 and 2010. Based on the input-output analysis, more than 90{\%} of the total environmental impact of Thailand’s power sector involves ten relevant sectors. Results reveal that the most significant environmental damage was on natural resources followed by human health, climate change, and ecosystem quality. The most dominant environmental impacts were non-renewable energy, global warming and respiratory inorganic effects. Furthermore, the power sector, which accounts for 80{\%} and 61{\%} of total each impact in 2010 respectively, had a large direct impact on climate change and human health. On the contrary, the coal and lignite, and metal ore sectors contributed significantly to indirect impacts on ecosystem quality and resources. Regarding the results, some additional suggestions can be made to improve current policies in Thailand, including the implementation of green manufacturing in the iron and steel production, and installing control devices in all power plant units. Consequently, IO-LCA can be applied to industries for assessing their total environmental impacts, and planning CO2 mitigation strategies.",
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Muangthai, I & Lin, SJ 2019, 'Quantifying Total Environmental Impact of The Power Sector Using Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment: a case study for Thailand' Paper presented at 2nd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environment Engineering , Munich , Germany, 19/08/19 - 22/08/19, .

Quantifying Total Environmental Impact of The Power Sector Using Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment: a case study for Thailand. / Muangthai, Isara; Lin, Sue Jane.

2019. Paper presented at 2nd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environment Engineering , Munich , Germany.

Research output: Published contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Quantifying Total Environmental Impact of The Power Sector Using Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment: a case study for Thailand

AU - Muangthai, Isara

AU - Lin, Sue Jane

PY - 2019/8/18

Y1 - 2019/8/18

N2 - The electricity generation is vital to industries and economic development in Thailand. In this study, the input-output life cycle assessment (IO-LCA) is applied to estimate the direct and indirect impacts from the power generation sector for the years 2005 and 2010. Based on the input-output analysis, more than 90% of the total environmental impact of Thailand’s power sector involves ten relevant sectors. Results reveal that the most significant environmental damage was on natural resources followed by human health, climate change, and ecosystem quality. The most dominant environmental impacts were non-renewable energy, global warming and respiratory inorganic effects. Furthermore, the power sector, which accounts for 80% and 61% of total each impact in 2010 respectively, had a large direct impact on climate change and human health. On the contrary, the coal and lignite, and metal ore sectors contributed significantly to indirect impacts on ecosystem quality and resources. Regarding the results, some additional suggestions can be made to improve current policies in Thailand, including the implementation of green manufacturing in the iron and steel production, and installing control devices in all power plant units. Consequently, IO-LCA can be applied to industries for assessing their total environmental impacts, and planning CO2 mitigation strategies.

AB - The electricity generation is vital to industries and economic development in Thailand. In this study, the input-output life cycle assessment (IO-LCA) is applied to estimate the direct and indirect impacts from the power generation sector for the years 2005 and 2010. Based on the input-output analysis, more than 90% of the total environmental impact of Thailand’s power sector involves ten relevant sectors. Results reveal that the most significant environmental damage was on natural resources followed by human health, climate change, and ecosystem quality. The most dominant environmental impacts were non-renewable energy, global warming and respiratory inorganic effects. Furthermore, the power sector, which accounts for 80% and 61% of total each impact in 2010 respectively, had a large direct impact on climate change and human health. On the contrary, the coal and lignite, and metal ore sectors contributed significantly to indirect impacts on ecosystem quality and resources. Regarding the results, some additional suggestions can be made to improve current policies in Thailand, including the implementation of green manufacturing in the iron and steel production, and installing control devices in all power plant units. Consequently, IO-LCA can be applied to industries for assessing their total environmental impacts, and planning CO2 mitigation strategies.

M3 - Paper

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Muangthai I, Lin SJ. Quantifying Total Environmental Impact of The Power Sector Using Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment: a case study for Thailand. 2019. Paper presented at 2nd International Conference on Renewable Energy and Environment Engineering , Munich , Germany.