Personality, Self-Regulation, and Adaptation

Gerald Matthews, Vicki L. Schwean, Sian E. Campbell, Donald H. Saklofske, Abdalla A.R. Mohamed

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Published conference proceedingChapter


Outlines a synthesis of personality trait and social cognitive perspectives that emphasizes stable cognitive knowledge structures as both a basis for personality traits and as an important influence on context-bound self-regulative cognitions. Self-regulation is conceptualized as the set of processes and behaviors that support the pursuit of personal goals within a changing external environment. The authors begin with definitions of constructs and a description of a cognitive architecture for self-regulation that specifies how self-knowledge influences appraisal and coping processes. They show that the architecture is compatible with both social-cognitive and trait perspectives. Next, a general overview of empirical findings is provided, linking traits to individual differences in self-regulative processing and self-knowledge. Then, the cognitive-social framework is applied to 3 research areas, identifying the personality traits that relate to adaptive outcome and self-regulation. These areas are (1) reactions to life stressors, (2) performance of demanding tasks, and (3) aggressive behavior. The conclusion summarizes the traits most closely related to self-regulation, and the cognitive structures and processes related to those traits.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Self-Regulation
Number of pages37
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Publication series

NameHandbook of Self-Regulation

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    Matthews, G., Schwean, V. L., Campbell, S. E., Saklofske, D. H., & Mohamed, A. A. R. (2000). Personality, Self-Regulation, and Adaptation. In Handbook of Self-Regulation (pp. 171-207). (Handbook of Self-Regulation). Elsevier.