Influences of yaw angle and turbulence intensity on the performance of a 20 kW in-stream hydrokinetic turbine

Wenlong Tian, James H. VanZwieten, Parakram Pyakurel, Yanjun Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Three-dimensional transient CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) simulations are performed to study the hydrodynamic performance of an ocean current turbine with a 3.0 m diameter 3-bladed rotor. Simulations are based on the RANS (Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes) equations and the shear stress transport k-ω turbulent model is utilized. The influence of yaw angle and upstream TI (turbulence intensity) on the turbine performance is studied. The CFD method is first validated using existing experimental data and good agreement is obtained. The performance of the turbine, including power, thrust and wake characteristics are then studied at different TSR (tip speed ratios). The turbine obtains a maximum coefficient of power (Cp) of 0.4642 at TSR = 6 and the coefficient of thrust (Ct) increases over the entire evaluated TSR range to a value of 0.8788 at a TSR = 10. Simulations are also performed at four different yaw angles, 0°, 5°, 10° and 15° which show that both Cpand Ctdecrease as yaw angle increases. Finally simulations of three different TIs, 3%, 6% and 9%, are performed and analyzed. Results show that TI minimally affects Cpand Ctfor the considered TI range, but greatly influences the downstream wake structure.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-116
Number of pages13
JournalEnergy
Volume111
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2016

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Turbulence
Turbines
Computational fluid dynamics
Ocean currents
Navier Stokes equations
Shear stress
Hydrodynamics
Rotors
Computer simulation

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title = "Influences of yaw angle and turbulence intensity on the performance of a 20 kW in-stream hydrokinetic turbine",
abstract = "Three-dimensional transient CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) simulations are performed to study the hydrodynamic performance of an ocean current turbine with a 3.0 m diameter 3-bladed rotor. Simulations are based on the RANS (Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes) equations and the shear stress transport k-ω turbulent model is utilized. The influence of yaw angle and upstream TI (turbulence intensity) on the turbine performance is studied. The CFD method is first validated using existing experimental data and good agreement is obtained. The performance of the turbine, including power, thrust and wake characteristics are then studied at different TSR (tip speed ratios). The turbine obtains a maximum coefficient of power (Cp) of 0.4642 at TSR = 6 and the coefficient of thrust (Ct) increases over the entire evaluated TSR range to a value of 0.8788 at a TSR = 10. Simulations are also performed at four different yaw angles, 0°, 5°, 10° and 15° which show that both Cpand Ctdecrease as yaw angle increases. Finally simulations of three different TIs, 3{\%}, 6{\%} and 9{\%}, are performed and analyzed. Results show that TI minimally affects Cpand Ctfor the considered TI range, but greatly influences the downstream wake structure.",
author = "Wenlong Tian and VanZwieten, {James H.} and Parakram Pyakurel and Yanjun Li",
year = "2016",
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language = "English",
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pages = "104--116",
journal = "Energy",
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publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

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Influences of yaw angle and turbulence intensity on the performance of a 20 kW in-stream hydrokinetic turbine. / Tian, Wenlong; VanZwieten, James H.; Pyakurel, Parakram; Li, Yanjun.

In: Energy, Vol. 111, 15.09.2016, p. 104-116.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Tian, Wenlong

AU - VanZwieten, James H.

AU - Pyakurel, Parakram

AU - Li, Yanjun

PY - 2016/9/15

Y1 - 2016/9/15

N2 - Three-dimensional transient CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) simulations are performed to study the hydrodynamic performance of an ocean current turbine with a 3.0 m diameter 3-bladed rotor. Simulations are based on the RANS (Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes) equations and the shear stress transport k-ω turbulent model is utilized. The influence of yaw angle and upstream TI (turbulence intensity) on the turbine performance is studied. The CFD method is first validated using existing experimental data and good agreement is obtained. The performance of the turbine, including power, thrust and wake characteristics are then studied at different TSR (tip speed ratios). The turbine obtains a maximum coefficient of power (Cp) of 0.4642 at TSR = 6 and the coefficient of thrust (Ct) increases over the entire evaluated TSR range to a value of 0.8788 at a TSR = 10. Simulations are also performed at four different yaw angles, 0°, 5°, 10° and 15° which show that both Cpand Ctdecrease as yaw angle increases. Finally simulations of three different TIs, 3%, 6% and 9%, are performed and analyzed. Results show that TI minimally affects Cpand Ctfor the considered TI range, but greatly influences the downstream wake structure.

AB - Three-dimensional transient CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) simulations are performed to study the hydrodynamic performance of an ocean current turbine with a 3.0 m diameter 3-bladed rotor. Simulations are based on the RANS (Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes) equations and the shear stress transport k-ω turbulent model is utilized. The influence of yaw angle and upstream TI (turbulence intensity) on the turbine performance is studied. The CFD method is first validated using existing experimental data and good agreement is obtained. The performance of the turbine, including power, thrust and wake characteristics are then studied at different TSR (tip speed ratios). The turbine obtains a maximum coefficient of power (Cp) of 0.4642 at TSR = 6 and the coefficient of thrust (Ct) increases over the entire evaluated TSR range to a value of 0.8788 at a TSR = 10. Simulations are also performed at four different yaw angles, 0°, 5°, 10° and 15° which show that both Cpand Ctdecrease as yaw angle increases. Finally simulations of three different TIs, 3%, 6% and 9%, are performed and analyzed. Results show that TI minimally affects Cpand Ctfor the considered TI range, but greatly influences the downstream wake structure.

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