Improved interference control after exercise with blood flow restriction and cooling is associated with but not mediated by increased lactate

Yujiro Yamada, Ryo Kataoka, Zachary W. Bell, Vickie Wong, Robert W. Spitz, Jun Seob Song, Takashi Abe, Jeremy P. Loenneke

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To evaluate the effects of recumbent sprint interval exercise with and without blood flow restriction and body cooling on interference control and whether the changes in interference control can be explained by the changes in blood lactate.

85 participants (22 SD 3 years old) completed 1 familiarization visit and then 5 experimental visits in a randomized order: exercise only (Ex), exercise with blood flow restriction (ExB), exercise with cooling (ExC), and exercise with blood flow restriction and cooling (ExBC), and non-exercise control (Con). Measurements of blood lactate and the Stroop Color Word Test were performed before and after exercise. Each bout began with a 15-minute low-moderate intensity warm-up, followed by five 20-second “all out” sprints separated by 40 s of active recovery. Bayes Factors (BF10) quantified evidence for or against the null hypothesis. Within-subject mediation analysis quantified the indirect effect of changes in blood lactate (mediator) on the change in interference control (each exercise condition vs. Con). Results: Bayesian pairwise comparisons found that only ExC [σ: -0.37 (-0.59, -0.15)] and ExBC [σ: -0.3 (-0.53, -0.09)] produced changes in incongruent reaction time different from that of Con. There was also evidence that all exercise conditions increased blood lactate (BF10 = 8.65e+29 – 1.9e+32) and improved congruent reaction time (BF10 = 4.01 – 15.371) compared to that of Con. There was no evidence to show that changes in lactate mediated the change in incongruent reaction time.

Both exercise with body cooling and when body cooling was combined with blood flow restriction presented favorable changes in incongruent reaction time (a marker of interference control), which might not be explained by the changes in systemic blood lactate concentration.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jul 2023
Externally publishedYes

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