Purpose: The objective of the study is to derive a classification of emerging themes and determinants of industrial clusters evolution in Africa on the basis of comprehensive review and synthesis of the literature. Design/ methodology/approach: The study performed a comprehensive and systematic literature review of 25 articles over a period of at least 30 years (1980- up to 2000?s). The study is conducted using a deductive approach to trace the advances made in the field of African cluster studies from the perspective of evolutionary approaches. Findings: The study finds at least five emerging themes including: networks; spatial features (both institutional infrastructural); learning knowledge competences; and culture as determinants of evolutionary change in African clusters. It also identifies a direct relationship between the changing features of African clusters and the empirical investigations undertaken by scholars in the field. Research Limitations: The lack of extensive research on African clusters limited the number of articles reviewed in this study. Thus, the findings of this study are limited for us to draw generic conclusions about the evolution and entrepreneurial development of all African clusters. Originality/value: The paper identifies gaps in the literature for researchers intending to further study African clusters and its evolution in time. Policy makers in Africa can use the findings of this study to facilitate or stimulate the evolution of clusters. For example they could intervene to upgrade networks, facilitate knowledge and learning, build infrastructures, and empower local institutions.
|Title of host publication
|PhD workshop presentation, November 2012, Southampton Solent University
|Published - 1 Nov 2012