High intensity interval training does not impair strength gains in response to resistance training in premenopausal women

Paulo Gentil, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira, Suedi Gonçalves Cardoso Filho, Cauê Vazquez La Scala Teixeira, James Steele, James Fisher, Juliana Alves Carneiro, Mário Hebling Campos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To compare the increases in upper- and lower-body muscle strength in premenopausal women performing resistance training (RT) alone or alongside concurrent high-intensity interval training (CT). Methods: Sixteen women (26–40 years) were randomly assigned into two groups that performed either RT or CT. Both groups performed the same RT program; however, CT performed additional high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on a bicycle ergometer before RT. The study lasted 8 weeks and the participants were tested for ten repetition maximum (10RM) load in elbow flexion (barbell biceps curl) and knee extension exercises pre- and post-intervention. RT was performed with 10–12 repetitions to self-determined repetition maximum in the first four weeks and then progressed to 8–10. During CT, HIIT was performed before RT with six 1-min bouts at 7–8 of perceived subjective exertion (RPE) and then progressed to eight bouts at 9–10 RPE. Results: Analysis of variance revealed significant increases in upper and lower body strength for both the RT and CT groups. Biceps barbell curl 10RM load increased from 12.9 ± 3.2 kg to 14 ± 1.5 kg in CT (p < 0.05) and from 13 ± 1.8 kg to 15.9 ± 2.5 kg in RT (p < 0.05), with no significant between-groups differences. Knee extension 10RM increase from 31.9 ± 11.6 kg to 37.5 ± 8.5 kg for CT (p < 0.05) and from 30.6 ± 8.6 kg to 41.2 ± 7.4 kg for RT (p < 0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion, performing HIIT on a cycle ergometer before resistance training does not seem to impair muscle strength increases in the knee extensors or elbow flexors of pre-menopausal women. This information should be considered when prescribing exercise sessions, since both activities may be combined without negative effects in muscle strength.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1257-1265
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume117
Issue number6
Early online date19 Apr 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Apr 2017

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Resistance Training
Muscle Strength
Knee
Elbow
High-Intensity Interval Training
Exercise
Analysis of Variance
Education

Cite this

Gentil, Paulo ; de Lira, Claudio Andre Barbosa ; Filho, Suedi Gonçalves Cardoso ; Teixeira, Cauê Vazquez La Scala ; Steele, James ; Fisher, James ; Carneiro, Juliana Alves ; Campos, Mário Hebling. / High intensity interval training does not impair strength gains in response to resistance training in premenopausal women. In: European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2017 ; Vol. 117, No. 6. pp. 1257-1265.
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title = "High intensity interval training does not impair strength gains in response to resistance training in premenopausal women",
abstract = "Purpose: To compare the increases in upper- and lower-body muscle strength in premenopausal women performing resistance training (RT) alone or alongside concurrent high-intensity interval training (CT). Methods: Sixteen women (26–40 years) were randomly assigned into two groups that performed either RT or CT. Both groups performed the same RT program; however, CT performed additional high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on a bicycle ergometer before RT. The study lasted 8 weeks and the participants were tested for ten repetition maximum (10RM) load in elbow flexion (barbell biceps curl) and knee extension exercises pre- and post-intervention. RT was performed with 10–12 repetitions to self-determined repetition maximum in the first four weeks and then progressed to 8–10. During CT, HIIT was performed before RT with six 1-min bouts at 7–8 of perceived subjective exertion (RPE) and then progressed to eight bouts at 9–10 RPE. Results: Analysis of variance revealed significant increases in upper and lower body strength for both the RT and CT groups. Biceps barbell curl 10RM load increased from 12.9 ± 3.2 kg to 14 ± 1.5 kg in CT (p < 0.05) and from 13 ± 1.8 kg to 15.9 ± 2.5 kg in RT (p < 0.05), with no significant between-groups differences. Knee extension 10RM increase from 31.9 ± 11.6 kg to 37.5 ± 8.5 kg for CT (p < 0.05) and from 30.6 ± 8.6 kg to 41.2 ± 7.4 kg for RT (p < 0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion, performing HIIT on a cycle ergometer before resistance training does not seem to impair muscle strength increases in the knee extensors or elbow flexors of pre-menopausal women. This information should be considered when prescribing exercise sessions, since both activities may be combined without negative effects in muscle strength.",
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Gentil, P, de Lira, CAB, Filho, SGC, Teixeira, CVLS, Steele, J, Fisher, J, Carneiro, JA & Campos, MH 2017, 'High intensity interval training does not impair strength gains in response to resistance training in premenopausal women' European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 117, no. 6, pp. 1257-1265.

High intensity interval training does not impair strength gains in response to resistance training in premenopausal women. / Gentil, Paulo; de Lira, Claudio Andre Barbosa; Filho, Suedi Gonçalves Cardoso ; Teixeira, Cauê Vazquez La Scala; Steele, James; Fisher, James; Carneiro, Juliana Alves; Campos, Mário Hebling.

In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 117, No. 6, 19.04.2017, p. 1257-1265.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - High intensity interval training does not impair strength gains in response to resistance training in premenopausal women

AU - Gentil, Paulo

AU - de Lira, Claudio Andre Barbosa

AU - Filho, Suedi Gonçalves Cardoso

AU - Teixeira, Cauê Vazquez La Scala

AU - Steele, James

AU - Fisher, James

AU - Carneiro, Juliana Alves

AU - Campos, Mário Hebling

PY - 2017/4/19

Y1 - 2017/4/19

N2 - Purpose: To compare the increases in upper- and lower-body muscle strength in premenopausal women performing resistance training (RT) alone or alongside concurrent high-intensity interval training (CT). Methods: Sixteen women (26–40 years) were randomly assigned into two groups that performed either RT or CT. Both groups performed the same RT program; however, CT performed additional high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on a bicycle ergometer before RT. The study lasted 8 weeks and the participants were tested for ten repetition maximum (10RM) load in elbow flexion (barbell biceps curl) and knee extension exercises pre- and post-intervention. RT was performed with 10–12 repetitions to self-determined repetition maximum in the first four weeks and then progressed to 8–10. During CT, HIIT was performed before RT with six 1-min bouts at 7–8 of perceived subjective exertion (RPE) and then progressed to eight bouts at 9–10 RPE. Results: Analysis of variance revealed significant increases in upper and lower body strength for both the RT and CT groups. Biceps barbell curl 10RM load increased from 12.9 ± 3.2 kg to 14 ± 1.5 kg in CT (p < 0.05) and from 13 ± 1.8 kg to 15.9 ± 2.5 kg in RT (p < 0.05), with no significant between-groups differences. Knee extension 10RM increase from 31.9 ± 11.6 kg to 37.5 ± 8.5 kg for CT (p < 0.05) and from 30.6 ± 8.6 kg to 41.2 ± 7.4 kg for RT (p < 0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion, performing HIIT on a cycle ergometer before resistance training does not seem to impair muscle strength increases in the knee extensors or elbow flexors of pre-menopausal women. This information should be considered when prescribing exercise sessions, since both activities may be combined without negative effects in muscle strength.

AB - Purpose: To compare the increases in upper- and lower-body muscle strength in premenopausal women performing resistance training (RT) alone or alongside concurrent high-intensity interval training (CT). Methods: Sixteen women (26–40 years) were randomly assigned into two groups that performed either RT or CT. Both groups performed the same RT program; however, CT performed additional high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on a bicycle ergometer before RT. The study lasted 8 weeks and the participants were tested for ten repetition maximum (10RM) load in elbow flexion (barbell biceps curl) and knee extension exercises pre- and post-intervention. RT was performed with 10–12 repetitions to self-determined repetition maximum in the first four weeks and then progressed to 8–10. During CT, HIIT was performed before RT with six 1-min bouts at 7–8 of perceived subjective exertion (RPE) and then progressed to eight bouts at 9–10 RPE. Results: Analysis of variance revealed significant increases in upper and lower body strength for both the RT and CT groups. Biceps barbell curl 10RM load increased from 12.9 ± 3.2 kg to 14 ± 1.5 kg in CT (p < 0.05) and from 13 ± 1.8 kg to 15.9 ± 2.5 kg in RT (p < 0.05), with no significant between-groups differences. Knee extension 10RM increase from 31.9 ± 11.6 kg to 37.5 ± 8.5 kg for CT (p < 0.05) and from 30.6 ± 8.6 kg to 41.2 ± 7.4 kg for RT (p < 0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion, performing HIIT on a cycle ergometer before resistance training does not seem to impair muscle strength increases in the knee extensors or elbow flexors of pre-menopausal women. This information should be considered when prescribing exercise sessions, since both activities may be combined without negative effects in muscle strength.

M3 - Article

VL - 117

SP - 1257

EP - 1265

JO - European Journal of Applied Physiology

JF - European Journal of Applied Physiology

SN - 1439-6319

IS - 6

ER -