Dynamic Group Formation With Intelligent Tutor Collaborative Learning: A Novel Approach for Next Generation Collaboration

Ijaz UI Haq, Aamir Anwar, Ikram Rehman, Waqar Asif, Drishty Sobnath, Hafiz Husnain Raza Sherazi, Moustafa Nasralla

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Group Formation (GF) strongly influences the collaborative learning process in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL). Various factors affect GF that include personal characteristics, social, cultural, psychological, and cognitive diversity. Although different group formation methods aim to solve the group compatibility problem, an optimal solution for dynamic group formation is still not addressed. In addition, the research lacks to supplement collaborative group formation with a collaborative platform. In this study, the next level of collaboration in CSCL and Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) platforms is achieved. First, initial groups are formed based on students learning styles, and knowledge level, i.e. for knowledge level, an activity-based dynamic group formation technique is proposed. In this activity, swapping of students takes place on each permutation based on their knowledge level. Second, the formed heterogeneous balanced groups are used to augment the collaborative learning system. For this purpose, a hybrid framework of Intelligent Tutor Collaborative Learning (ITSCL) is used that provides a unique and real-time collaborative learning platform. Third, an experiment is conducted to evaluate the significance of the proposed study. Inferential and descriptive statistics of Paired T-Tests are applied for comprehensive analysis of recorded observations. The statistical results show that the proposed ITSCL framework positively impacts student learning and results in higher learning gains.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)143406 - 143422
    JournalIEEE Access
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2021


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