Computational fluid dynamics prediction of a modified savonius wind turbine with novel blade shapes

Wenlong Tian, Baowei Song, James H. Van Zwieten, Parakram Pyakurel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Savonius wind turbine is a type of vertical axis wind turbine (VAWTs) that is simply composed of two or three arc-type blades which can generate power even under poor wind conditions. A modified Savonius wind turbine with novel blade shapes is introduced with the aim of increasing the power coefficient of the turbine. The effect of blade fullness, which is a main shape parameter of the blade, on the power production of a two-bladed Savonius wind turbine is investigated using transient computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Simulations are based on the Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations with a renormalization group turbulent model. This numerical method is validated with existing experimental data and then utilized to quantify the performance of design variants. Results quantify the relationship between blade fullness and turbine performance with a blade fullness of 1 resulting in the highest coefficient of power, 0.2573. This power coefficient is 10.98% higher than a conventional Savonius turbine.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7915-7929
Number of pages15
JournalEnergies
Volume8
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015

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Wind Turbine
Blade
Computational Fluid Dynamics
Wind turbines
Turbomachine blades
Computational fluid dynamics
Turbines
Prediction
Turbine
Quantify
Coefficient
Navier Stokes equations
Numerical methods
Reynolds Equation
Shape Parameter
Renormalization Group
Navier-Stokes Equations
Arc of a curve
Vertical
Numerical Methods

Cite this

Tian, Wenlong ; Song, Baowei ; Van Zwieten, James H. ; Pyakurel, Parakram. / Computational fluid dynamics prediction of a modified savonius wind turbine with novel blade shapes. In: Energies. 2015 ; Vol. 8, No. 8. pp. 7915-7929.
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Computational fluid dynamics prediction of a modified savonius wind turbine with novel blade shapes. / Tian, Wenlong; Song, Baowei; Van Zwieten, James H.; Pyakurel, Parakram.

In: Energies, Vol. 8, No. 8, 01.08.2015, p. 7915-7929.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The Savonius wind turbine is a type of vertical axis wind turbine (VAWTs) that is simply composed of two or three arc-type blades which can generate power even under poor wind conditions. A modified Savonius wind turbine with novel blade shapes is introduced with the aim of increasing the power coefficient of the turbine. The effect of blade fullness, which is a main shape parameter of the blade, on the power production of a two-bladed Savonius wind turbine is investigated using transient computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Simulations are based on the Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations with a renormalization group turbulent model. This numerical method is validated with existing experimental data and then utilized to quantify the performance of design variants. Results quantify the relationship between blade fullness and turbine performance with a blade fullness of 1 resulting in the highest coefficient of power, 0.2573. This power coefficient is 10.98% higher than a conventional Savonius turbine.

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