Comparison of upper body strength gains between men and women after 10 weeks of resistance training

Paulo Gentil, James Steele, Maria C. Pereira, Rafael P. M. Castanheira, Antonio Paoli, Martim Bottaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Resistance training (RT) offers benefits to both men and women. However, the studies about the differences between men and women in response to an RT program are not conclusive and few data are available about upper body strength response. The aim of this study was to compare elbow flexor strength gains in men and women after 10 weeks of RT. Forty-four college-aged men (22.63 ± 2.34 years) and forty-seven college-aged women (21.62 ± 2.96 years) participated in the study. The RT program was performed two days a week for 10 weeks. Before and after the training period, peak torque (PT) of the elbow flexors was measured with an isokinetic dynamometer. PT values were higher in men in comparison to women in pre- and post-tests (p < 0.01). Both males and females significantly increased elbow flexor strength (p < 0.05); however, strength changes did not differ between genders after 10 weeks of RT program (11.61 and 11.76% for men and women, respectively; p > 0.05). Effect sizes were 0.57 and 0.56 for men and women, respectively. In conclusion, the present study suggests that men and women have a similar upper body strength response to RT.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e1627
JournalPeerJ
Volume11
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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strength training
Resistance Training
Torque
Dynamometers
elbows
torque
Elbow
education programs
dynamometers
Education
testing

Cite this

Gentil, P., Steele, J., Pereira, M. C., Castanheira, R. P. M., Paoli, A., & Bottaro, M. (2016). Comparison of upper body strength gains between men and women after 10 weeks of resistance training. PeerJ, 11(4), e1627.
Gentil, Paulo ; Steele, James ; Pereira, Maria C. ; Castanheira, Rafael P. M. ; Paoli, Antonio ; Bottaro, Martim. / Comparison of upper body strength gains between men and women after 10 weeks of resistance training. In: PeerJ. 2016 ; Vol. 11, No. 4. pp. e1627.
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abstract = "Resistance training (RT) offers benefits to both men and women. However, the studies about the differences between men and women in response to an RT program are not conclusive and few data are available about upper body strength response. The aim of this study was to compare elbow flexor strength gains in men and women after 10 weeks of RT. Forty-four college-aged men (22.63 ± 2.34 years) and forty-seven college-aged women (21.62 ± 2.96 years) participated in the study. The RT program was performed two days a week for 10 weeks. Before and after the training period, peak torque (PT) of the elbow flexors was measured with an isokinetic dynamometer. PT values were higher in men in comparison to women in pre- and post-tests (p < 0.01). Both males and females significantly increased elbow flexor strength (p < 0.05); however, strength changes did not differ between genders after 10 weeks of RT program (11.61 and 11.76{\%} for men and women, respectively; p > 0.05). Effect sizes were 0.57 and 0.56 for men and women, respectively. In conclusion, the present study suggests that men and women have a similar upper body strength response to RT.",
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Gentil, P, Steele, J, Pereira, MC, Castanheira, RPM, Paoli, A & Bottaro, M 2016, 'Comparison of upper body strength gains between men and women after 10 weeks of resistance training' PeerJ, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. e1627.

Comparison of upper body strength gains between men and women after 10 weeks of resistance training. / Gentil, Paulo; Steele, James; Pereira, Maria C.; Castanheira, Rafael P. M.; Paoli, Antonio; Bottaro, Martim.

In: PeerJ, Vol. 11, No. 4, 2016, p. e1627.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Gentil P, Steele J, Pereira MC, Castanheira RPM, Paoli A, Bottaro M. Comparison of upper body strength gains between men and women after 10 weeks of resistance training. PeerJ. 2016;11(4):e1627.