COMMON MENTAL DISORDERS AND RISK BEHAVIOURS IN MOTORCYCLISTS VICTIMS OF TRAFFIC-ACCIDENTS

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Motorcycles accidents are a public health problem. Drivers´ behaviours are pointed out as one of the main causes of their occurrence and may be associated with psychiatric comorbidities as Common Mental Disorders (CMD).

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association between CMD and risk behaviours adopted by motorcyclists victims of traffic accidents.

METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with injured motorcyclists who were hospitalised in a Hospital located in Northeast of Brazil. A questionnaire was used containing items related to sociodemographic, occupational and behavioural factors, mental health (Self Reporting Questionnaire-20) and aspects of the accident and road conditions. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed, calculating the odds ratio (OR) and the 95% confidence interval (CI) and the level of significance was set at 5%.

RESULTS: A total of 170 motorcycle drivers were surveyed. There was a predominance of males (95.9%), with a mean age of 31 years. The prevalence of CMD was 14.7%. The bivariate analysis indicated that the disorders were associated with driving with sleep/fatigue (OR=4.7) and driving a motorcycle without wearing a helmet (OR=2,7).

CONCLUSION: This study result indicated a link between being the driver's diagnosed with a common mental disorder and risky behaviour in traffic. The research denoted the dimension of accidents involving a motorcycle and, also, highlights how drivers’ mental health is a factor impacting the behaviours adopted by them. Thus, poor mental health may influence their road accidents.
Original languageEnglish
JournalRevista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Fingerprint

Motorcycles
Traffic Accidents
Risk-Taking
Mental Disorders
Accidents
Mental Health
Odds Ratio
Head Protective Devices
Fatigue
Brazil
Psychiatry
Comorbidity
Sleep
Public Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Confidence Intervals
Research
Surveys and Questionnaires

Cite this

@article{6393d660d2f5479ea9c002384cfd4d19,
title = "COMMON MENTAL DISORDERS AND RISK BEHAVIOURS IN MOTORCYCLISTS VICTIMS OF TRAFFIC-ACCIDENTS",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Motorcycles accidents are a public health problem. Drivers´ behaviours are pointed out as one of the main causes of their occurrence and may be associated with psychiatric comorbidities as Common Mental Disorders (CMD).OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association between CMD and risk behaviours adopted by motorcyclists victims of traffic accidents.METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with injured motorcyclists who were hospitalised in a Hospital located in Northeast of Brazil. A questionnaire was used containing items related to sociodemographic, occupational and behavioural factors, mental health (Self Reporting Questionnaire-20) and aspects of the accident and road conditions. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed, calculating the odds ratio (OR) and the 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) and the level of significance was set at 5{\%}. RESULTS: A total of 170 motorcycle drivers were surveyed. There was a predominance of males (95.9{\%}), with a mean age of 31 years. The prevalence of CMD was 14.7{\%}. The bivariate analysis indicated that the disorders were associated with driving with sleep/fatigue (OR=4.7) and driving a motorcycle without wearing a helmet (OR=2,7). CONCLUSION: This study result indicated a link between being the driver's diagnosed with a common mental disorder and risky behaviour in traffic. The research denoted the dimension of accidents involving a motorcycle and, also, highlights how drivers’ mental health is a factor impacting the behaviours adopted by them. Thus, poor mental health may influence their road accidents.",
author = "{De Oliveira}, Bruno",
note = "Co-authored",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
language = "English",
journal = "Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Sa{\'u}de Mental",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - COMMON MENTAL DISORDERS AND RISK BEHAVIOURS IN MOTORCYCLISTS VICTIMS OF TRAFFIC-ACCIDENTS

AU - De Oliveira, Bruno

N1 - Co-authored

PY - 2019/10

Y1 - 2019/10

N2 - BACKGROUND: Motorcycles accidents are a public health problem. Drivers´ behaviours are pointed out as one of the main causes of their occurrence and may be associated with psychiatric comorbidities as Common Mental Disorders (CMD).OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association between CMD and risk behaviours adopted by motorcyclists victims of traffic accidents.METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with injured motorcyclists who were hospitalised in a Hospital located in Northeast of Brazil. A questionnaire was used containing items related to sociodemographic, occupational and behavioural factors, mental health (Self Reporting Questionnaire-20) and aspects of the accident and road conditions. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed, calculating the odds ratio (OR) and the 95% confidence interval (CI) and the level of significance was set at 5%. RESULTS: A total of 170 motorcycle drivers were surveyed. There was a predominance of males (95.9%), with a mean age of 31 years. The prevalence of CMD was 14.7%. The bivariate analysis indicated that the disorders were associated with driving with sleep/fatigue (OR=4.7) and driving a motorcycle without wearing a helmet (OR=2,7). CONCLUSION: This study result indicated a link between being the driver's diagnosed with a common mental disorder and risky behaviour in traffic. The research denoted the dimension of accidents involving a motorcycle and, also, highlights how drivers’ mental health is a factor impacting the behaviours adopted by them. Thus, poor mental health may influence their road accidents.

AB - BACKGROUND: Motorcycles accidents are a public health problem. Drivers´ behaviours are pointed out as one of the main causes of their occurrence and may be associated with psychiatric comorbidities as Common Mental Disorders (CMD).OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association between CMD and risk behaviours adopted by motorcyclists victims of traffic accidents.METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with injured motorcyclists who were hospitalised in a Hospital located in Northeast of Brazil. A questionnaire was used containing items related to sociodemographic, occupational and behavioural factors, mental health (Self Reporting Questionnaire-20) and aspects of the accident and road conditions. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed, calculating the odds ratio (OR) and the 95% confidence interval (CI) and the level of significance was set at 5%. RESULTS: A total of 170 motorcycle drivers were surveyed. There was a predominance of males (95.9%), with a mean age of 31 years. The prevalence of CMD was 14.7%. The bivariate analysis indicated that the disorders were associated with driving with sleep/fatigue (OR=4.7) and driving a motorcycle without wearing a helmet (OR=2,7). CONCLUSION: This study result indicated a link between being the driver's diagnosed with a common mental disorder and risky behaviour in traffic. The research denoted the dimension of accidents involving a motorcycle and, also, highlights how drivers’ mental health is a factor impacting the behaviours adopted by them. Thus, poor mental health may influence their road accidents.

M3 - Article

JO - Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental

JF - Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental

ER -