COMMON MENTAL DISORDERS AND RISK BEHAVIOURS IN MOTORCYCLISTS VICTIMS OF TRAFFIC-ACCIDENTS

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    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: Motorcycles accidents are a public health problem. Drivers´ behaviours are pointed out as one of the main causes of their occurrence and may be associated with psychiatric comorbidities as Common Mental Disorders (CMD).

    OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association between CMD and risk behaviours adopted by motorcyclists victims of traffic accidents.

    METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with injured motorcyclists who were hospitalised in a Hospital located in Northeast of Brazil. A questionnaire was used containing items related to sociodemographic, occupational and behavioural factors, mental health (Self Reporting Questionnaire-20) and aspects of the accident and road conditions. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed, calculating the odds ratio (OR) and the 95% confidence interval (CI) and the level of significance was set at 5%.

    RESULTS: A total of 170 motorcycle drivers were surveyed. There was a predominance of males (95.9%), with a mean age of 31 years. The prevalence of CMD was 14.7%. The bivariate analysis indicated that the disorders were associated with driving with sleep/fatigue (OR=4.7) and driving a motorcycle without wearing a helmet (OR=2,7).

    CONCLUSION: This study result indicated a link between being the driver's diagnosed with a common mental disorder and risky behaviour in traffic. The research denoted the dimension of accidents involving a motorcycle and, also, highlights how drivers’ mental health is a factor impacting the behaviours adopted by them. Thus, poor mental health may influence their road accidents.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)27-34
    JournalRevista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental
    VolumeNo.22
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

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