Beware the Meta-Analysis: Is Multiple Set Training Really Better than Single-Set Training for Muscle Hypertrophy?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

While many individuals perform resistance training with the purpose of increasing the size of their muscles, reviews have not clarified a training prescription for optimizing hypertrophy. A 2010 meta-analysis concluded that multiple set training resulted in greater hypertrophic gains compared to single set training. However, while the use of meta-analysis in exercise physiology is well documented, there is sufficient reason to be cautious when applying a single statistic acquired by combining multiple studies and the relevant effect sizes (ES). This paper reviews the articles included within the 2010 meta-analysis. In particular, the differences in subject training experience, gender, and clinical condition, the training frequency, the intervention duration, the repetition duration used, and the method of measuring hypertrophy, as well as other variables that appear not to have been considered are discussed in this paper. The substantial limitations in comparing or grouping these articles suggest that the meta-analysis cannot be used to support the conclusion that multiple sets produce greater hypertrophic gains than single set training.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-30
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Exercise Physiology Online
Volume15
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Beware the Meta-Analysis: Is Multiple Set Training Really Better than Single-Set Training for Muscle Hypertrophy?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this