Two experiments are presented, which explore the presence of a distinctiveness advantage when recognising unfamiliar voices. In Experiment 1, distinctive voices were recognised significantly better, and with greater confidence, in a sequential same/different matching task compared with typical voices. These effects were replicated and extended in Experiment 2, as distinctive voices were recognised better even under challenging listening conditions imposed by nonsense sentences and temporal reversal. Taken together, the results aligned well with similar results when processing faces, and provided a useful point of comparison between voice and face processing.
Stevenage, S. V., Neil, G. J., Parsons, B., & Humphreys, A. (2018). A Sound Effect: Exploration of the Distinctiveness Advantage in Voice Recognition. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 32(5), 526-536. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3424