A new test to measure attentional bias and cognitive disinhibition in drinkers, based on the Hayling task. Rose AK, Mason-Li M, Nicholas D, Hobbs M.

Yuk Mei Mason-Li, Abi Rose, Darran Nicholas, Malcolm Hobbs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

AIMS:

To generate and pilot unfinished sentences, based on the Hayling Task of disinhibition, which could be completed with alcohol or non-alcohol words. To determine whether drinking habits influenced responses on the new sentences, which may advance understanding of the cognitive processes underlying alcohol-related behaviours.

METHODS:

Three phases: I-Generation of appropriate sentences (via email correspondence); II-Sentence completion to establish proportion of alcohol-related and non-alcohol-related responses; III-A Hayling-style task using the sentences (laboratory-based). During the Hayling task, sentences were completed with the first word that came to mind (initiation task), and with a word that did not make semantic sense (inhibition task). In Phase III, the alcohol use disorder identification test (AUDIT) was also completed to determine whether drinking habits were related to responses.

RESULTS:

Fifteen sentences were generated and tested. Compared with low hazardous drinkers, higher hazardous drinkers gave more alcohol-related responses; persisted in giving alcohol responses in the inhibition task; and were slower to make non-alcohol-related responses. A positive correlation was found between AUDIT score and number of alcohol-related responses.

CONCLUSIONS:

A new alcohol-related sentence-completion tool, based upon the Hayling disinhibition task, was developed and piloted. Responses on the task were associated with measures of alcohol use disorders. The task can be used in research investigating the processes underlying the acute and chronic effects of alcohol, such as attentional bias and disinhibition. In future, the task could be used in conjunction with non-alcohol-related sentence completion tasks to investigate general and alcohol-specific processes of disinhibition.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberdoi: 10.1093/alcalc/agq062.
Pages (from-to)501-506
Number of pages5
JournalAlcohol and Alcoholism
VolumeAlcohol and Alcoholism
Issue number45(6)
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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@article{209cf9979a524161a3b634a6cd1ec6e3,
title = "A new test to measure attentional bias and cognitive disinhibition in drinkers, based on the Hayling task.: Rose AK, Mason-Li M, Nicholas D, Hobbs M.",
abstract = "AIMS: To generate and pilot unfinished sentences, based on the Hayling Task of disinhibition, which could be completed with alcohol or non-alcohol words. To determine whether drinking habits influenced responses on the new sentences, which may advance understanding of the cognitive processes underlying alcohol-related behaviours.METHODS: Three phases: I-Generation of appropriate sentences (via email correspondence); II-Sentence completion to establish proportion of alcohol-related and non-alcohol-related responses; III-A Hayling-style task using the sentences (laboratory-based). During the Hayling task, sentences were completed with the first word that came to mind (initiation task), and with a word that did not make semantic sense (inhibition task). In Phase III, the alcohol use disorder identification test (AUDIT) was also completed to determine whether drinking habits were related to responses.RESULTS: Fifteen sentences were generated and tested. Compared with low hazardous drinkers, higher hazardous drinkers gave more alcohol-related responses; persisted in giving alcohol responses in the inhibition task; and were slower to make non-alcohol-related responses. A positive correlation was found between AUDIT score and number of alcohol-related responses.CONCLUSIONS: A new alcohol-related sentence-completion tool, based upon the Hayling disinhibition task, was developed and piloted. Responses on the task were associated with measures of alcohol use disorders. The task can be used in research investigating the processes underlying the acute and chronic effects of alcohol, such as attentional bias and disinhibition. In future, the task could be used in conjunction with non-alcohol-related sentence completion tasks to investigate general and alcohol-specific processes of disinhibition.",
author = "Mason-Li, {Yuk Mei} and Abi Rose and Darran Nicholas and Malcolm Hobbs",
note = "This output was supported by a Faculty of Media and Arts (FMAS) grant back in 2009. The third author was one of my third year supervision students at the time and this student helped with the data collection. The first author, Abi Rose, also presented this paper at a conference in San Francisco in 2010.",
year = "2010",
language = "English",
volume = "Alcohol and Alcoholism",
pages = "501--506",
journal = "Alcohol and Alcoholism",
issn = "0735-0414",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "45(6)",

}

Mason-Li, YM, Rose, A, Nicholas, D & Hobbs, M 2010, 'A new test to measure attentional bias and cognitive disinhibition in drinkers, based on the Hayling task. Rose AK, Mason-Li M, Nicholas D, Hobbs M.' Alcohol and Alcoholism, vol. Alcohol and Alcoholism, no. 45(6), doi: 10.1093/alcalc/agq062., pp. 501-506.

A new test to measure attentional bias and cognitive disinhibition in drinkers, based on the Hayling task. Rose AK, Mason-Li M, Nicholas D, Hobbs M. / Mason-Li, Yuk Mei ; Rose, Abi; Nicholas, Darran ; Hobbs, Malcolm.

In: Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol. Alcohol and Alcoholism, No. 45(6), doi: 10.1093/alcalc/agq062., 2010, p. 501-506.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A new test to measure attentional bias and cognitive disinhibition in drinkers, based on the Hayling task.

T2 - Rose AK, Mason-Li M, Nicholas D, Hobbs M.

AU - Mason-Li, Yuk Mei

AU - Rose, Abi

AU - Nicholas, Darran

AU - Hobbs, Malcolm

N1 - This output was supported by a Faculty of Media and Arts (FMAS) grant back in 2009. The third author was one of my third year supervision students at the time and this student helped with the data collection. The first author, Abi Rose, also presented this paper at a conference in San Francisco in 2010.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - AIMS: To generate and pilot unfinished sentences, based on the Hayling Task of disinhibition, which could be completed with alcohol or non-alcohol words. To determine whether drinking habits influenced responses on the new sentences, which may advance understanding of the cognitive processes underlying alcohol-related behaviours.METHODS: Three phases: I-Generation of appropriate sentences (via email correspondence); II-Sentence completion to establish proportion of alcohol-related and non-alcohol-related responses; III-A Hayling-style task using the sentences (laboratory-based). During the Hayling task, sentences were completed with the first word that came to mind (initiation task), and with a word that did not make semantic sense (inhibition task). In Phase III, the alcohol use disorder identification test (AUDIT) was also completed to determine whether drinking habits were related to responses.RESULTS: Fifteen sentences were generated and tested. Compared with low hazardous drinkers, higher hazardous drinkers gave more alcohol-related responses; persisted in giving alcohol responses in the inhibition task; and were slower to make non-alcohol-related responses. A positive correlation was found between AUDIT score and number of alcohol-related responses.CONCLUSIONS: A new alcohol-related sentence-completion tool, based upon the Hayling disinhibition task, was developed and piloted. Responses on the task were associated with measures of alcohol use disorders. The task can be used in research investigating the processes underlying the acute and chronic effects of alcohol, such as attentional bias and disinhibition. In future, the task could be used in conjunction with non-alcohol-related sentence completion tasks to investigate general and alcohol-specific processes of disinhibition.

AB - AIMS: To generate and pilot unfinished sentences, based on the Hayling Task of disinhibition, which could be completed with alcohol or non-alcohol words. To determine whether drinking habits influenced responses on the new sentences, which may advance understanding of the cognitive processes underlying alcohol-related behaviours.METHODS: Three phases: I-Generation of appropriate sentences (via email correspondence); II-Sentence completion to establish proportion of alcohol-related and non-alcohol-related responses; III-A Hayling-style task using the sentences (laboratory-based). During the Hayling task, sentences were completed with the first word that came to mind (initiation task), and with a word that did not make semantic sense (inhibition task). In Phase III, the alcohol use disorder identification test (AUDIT) was also completed to determine whether drinking habits were related to responses.RESULTS: Fifteen sentences were generated and tested. Compared with low hazardous drinkers, higher hazardous drinkers gave more alcohol-related responses; persisted in giving alcohol responses in the inhibition task; and were slower to make non-alcohol-related responses. A positive correlation was found between AUDIT score and number of alcohol-related responses.CONCLUSIONS: A new alcohol-related sentence-completion tool, based upon the Hayling disinhibition task, was developed and piloted. Responses on the task were associated with measures of alcohol use disorders. The task can be used in research investigating the processes underlying the acute and chronic effects of alcohol, such as attentional bias and disinhibition. In future, the task could be used in conjunction with non-alcohol-related sentence completion tasks to investigate general and alcohol-specific processes of disinhibition.

M3 - Article

VL - Alcohol and Alcoholism

SP - 501

EP - 506

JO - Alcohol and Alcoholism

JF - Alcohol and Alcoholism

SN - 0735-0414

IS - 45(6)

M1 - doi: 10.1093/alcalc/agq062.

ER -