A Comparative Review of Alternative Fuels for the Marine Sector: Challenges for Clean Energy Implementation in Economic, Technology and Policy

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Abstract

Over the past three decades, booming development has been seen in the world’s economy and global trade. Maritime transport, as the lifeblood of the global economy, plays an indispensable role in economic development. Global shipping is currently representing 80–90% of international trade. According to the latest statistic in the United Nation’ review of maritime transport the amount of world fleet above 100 gross tons achieved 98,140 commercial vessels at the beginning of 2020. In capacity, the total world fleet has expanded to about of 2.06 billion dwt. The global seaborne trade has experienced continuous growth over the last two decades and consists of 11, 076 million tons in year 2019. Nevertheless, while the global shipping industry makes a tremendous contribution to the world economy, the emissions from international shipping were significantly increased in the past two decades due to lack of strict control. The current status of international shipping will be discussed in following sections regarding the emissions, fuel consumption and regulations in emission control
Original languageEnglish
JournalWorld
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 30 Sep 2021

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